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Ginger Plants and Usefulness

Scientific Classification
Kingdom         : Plantae
(not included)    Monocots
(not included)    Commelinids
Order : Zingiberales
Family : Zingiberaceae
Genus : Zingiber
Species : Z. officinale
Ginger binomial name : Zingiber Officinale


Ginger is the rhizome plants are popular as spices from southeast asia and as a medicinal plants. Rhizome shaped fingers bulging in the middle sections like horns. Dominant spicy flavor caused by compounds called ketones zingeron. Ginger is one of the types of plants that belong to the tribe Zingiberaceae.


Ginger Benefits For Health and Treatment

Pharmaceutical ingredients in ginger so much so that usability and usefulness is no longer in view of trivial and has many mass produced. some compounds that exist primarily in the rhizome of the ginger plant, such as: oleoresin compounds (gingerol, shogaol), phenol (no source who called polyphenols) (gingeol, zingeron), proteolytic enzymes (zingibain), 8.6% protein, 6.4% fat, 5.9% fiber, 66.5 % carbohydrate, 5.7% ash, 0.1% calcium, phosphorus 0.15%, 0.011% iron, 0.03% sodium, potassium 1.4%, vitamin A 175 IU / 100 g, vitamin B1 0.05 mg / 100 g, vitamin B2 0.13 mg / 100 g, 1.9% niacin and vitamin C 12 mg / 100g. In ginger, there is also the content of organic acids such as malic acid [which is often referred to as sour apple; COOHCH2CH (OH) COOH; hidroksibutanadioat acid], and oxalic acid, oreolesis.

Benefits of ginger to cure or mitigate disease such as, treat cough, fever, and analgesics. Ginger also has analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity, can also to treat diseases chills, nausea, asthma, colic, dyspepsia, rheumatism and loss of appetite.

According to a study in Japan that ginger can lower blood pressure by restricting blood flow in peripheral areas of the body, as well as lowering cholesterol levels by reducing the absorption of cholesterol in the blood and liver.

Ginger can also as medicine, there are directly mixed into drugs and also through new production process into a drug, such as used to treat colds, treat cholera, diphtheria, neuropathy and as an antidote to snake venom (Heyne, 1987), alcoholism, as an antacid, antifungal, antioxidant, anticonvulsant, antiviral, aphrodisiac, treat arthritis, atherosclerosis, stiffness in the legs, dysentery , baldness, bile secretion problems, as depleting the blood, treat bronchitis, bleeding, skin burns, cancer, depression, diarrhea, dismenorrhea (painful menstruation), flu, gonarthritis, liver disease, as immune stimulants, drugs infection, Helicobacter pylori, impotence, increase drug absorption and metabolism, as insecticides, drugs intestinal parasites, kidney disease, mosquito, skin psoriasis medication, migraine, malaria, deduction soreness, drug hipothermia as serotonin, stomach pain, stomach pain, respiratory tract infections , as toothpaste (www.drug andmedicine.com), anti-inflammatory drugs, arthritis and migraine headaches (Heyne, 1987), back pain medication, out of gas from the stomach, eczema, tinea versicolor, sprains, vitiligo, ulcers, diseases roundworms and itching due to insect bites (www.asiamaya.com). Ginger can serve as a remedy stomach pain and arthritis because ginger contains a number of nutrients such as vitamins, B1, C, amino acids and so on. (www.indohafi.com), and probably many more benefits of ginger for our body.

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